Yoga refers to traditional physical and mental disciplines that originated in India. The word is associated with meditative practices in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Within Hinduism, it also refers to one of the six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy, and to the goal towards which that school directs its practices. In Jainism, yoga is the sum total of all activities — mental, verbal and physical.
Major branches of yoga in Hindu philosophy include Rāja Yoga, Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, and Hatha Yoga. Accordingly, based on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, yoga comprises one of the six main Hindu schools of philosophy (darshanas), together with Kapila's Samkhya, Gautama's Nyaya, Kanada's Vaisheshika, Jaimini's Purva Mimamsa, and Badarayana's Uttara Mimamsa or Vedanta. Many other aspects of yoga, includes the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, the Hatha Yoga Pradipika, the Shiva Samhita and various Tantras.
The Sanskrit word yoga has many meanings. It means "to control", "to yoke" or "to unite". Translations include "joining", "uniting", "union", "conjunction", and "means"It is also possible that the word yoga derives from "yujir samadhau," which means "contemplation" or "absorption.
Someone who practices yoga or follows the yoga philosophy to a high level of attainment is called a yogi or yogini.
SHIVA STATUE IN BANGALORE